Sinharaja Rain Forest
Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park and a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. It is of international significance and has been designated a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The hilly virgin rainforest, part of the Sri Lanka lowland rain forests ecoregion, was saved from the worst of commercial logging by its inaccessibility, and was designated a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and a World Heritage Site in 1988. The reserve's name translates as Lion Kingdom.
The reserve is only 21 km from east to west, and a maximum of 7 km from north to south, but it is a treasure trove of endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Biodiversity of Sinharaja Rain Forest
Sinharaja Forest Reserve is bordering three districts of the island, which are namely Galle, Matara and Ratnapura and it is a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka.Mountains, rivers, waterfalls, plants and animal varieties enhance the value as well as the beauty of the forest.
The forest site spans an area of 900 hectares is a natural habitat for numerous bird species. Large indigenous bird species and migratory bird species can be viewed on the Sinharaja rain forest and it has about 147 bird species.